Water Is Precious
Fresh Water Is A Wonderful Resource
Fresh water is valuable. We use it everyday for drinking, cooking, and cleaning. The cell phones, computers, and televisions we use require intense use of fresh water during their manufacturing process. The bread, vegetables, and meat that we eat require even more fresh water to produce. Fresh water is scarce. While 71% of Earth's surface is covered by water, 99% of that water can't be used for drinking or farming directly. Only 1% of earth's water is fresh water that we can drink and use for growing food. 97% of Earth's water is salt water in the oceans. 2% of Earth's water is lock up in polar ice caps and glaciers.
We are experiencing a worldwide water shortage crisis.
1 Billion people are without clean drinking water. 508 Million people in 31 countries suffer from water scarcity. 25 Million people die every year from bad and unclean water. 7 Million Americans are sick from contaminated tap water.
Causes of Water Shortage Crisis
Global warming While the ultimate fear on global warming is the melting of the polar ice caps and the rising sea level that will flood coastal cities and states, a more immediate impact of global warming is already taking place. As the temperature of the ocean and the air rises, the evaporation rate of sea water increases, and that ultimately affect the movement the air and clouds in the lower atmosphere and changes weather patterns around the world. Some regions are experiencing a lot more rain than usual in recent years that resulted in devastating floods. At the same time, other regions in the world are receiving a lot less rain than usual, and that resulted in droughts and a serious water shortage crisis. Extended droughts A combination of global warming and solar activities that impact weather patterns on earth, some regions are experiencing extended droughts and a severe water shortage crisis. Rapid human population growth The world population back in 1950 was about 2.5 billion. In 2011, there are almost 7 billion people on Earth. That is a population growth rate of almost 200% in just 60 years. At the same time, the amount of fresh water supply stayed about the same. As the population grows, so has the demand for food. The problem is amplified by the fact that about 70% of the fresh water being consumed by humans are used for irrigation in farming. Without a comparable increase in the supply of fresh water needed for growing food, the cost of food can go up significantly. Pollution of lakes, rivers, and other fresh water sources Lakes, rivers, and underground water are the major sources of fresh water for human consumption. However, as comtaminants from factories and pesticides from farms leak into nearby lakes, rivers, and underground water sources, the availablity of safe and clean drinking water sources gradually disappear, amplifying the water shortage problem in regions where these factories and farms are located.
According to the Wall Street Journal, 13,080 desalination plants around the world produce 12 billion gallons of water a day. Salt water from the ocean is converted into fresh water by removing the salt from the water using a process called reverse osmosis. This process is energy intensive and expensive. However, in countries such as Saudi Arabia where fresh water is scarce and salty sea water is plentiful, this is a viable option. Desalinizing 1000 gallons of water cost $3. Same amount of bottle water cost $7,945.
Bottled Water Comparison
There are many brands of bottled water, but are you drinking the brand that is the cleanest and healthiest? Bottled water come in many different types. These include: Spring Water Purified Water Mineral Water Sparkling Bottled Water Artesian Water / Artesian Well Water Well Water Here are some of the most popular bottled water brands in stores today and their type. Arrowhead (Spring) Poland Springs (Spring) Fiji (Artesian) Calistoga (Sparkling Mineral) Evian (Still Mineral) San Pellegrino (Sparkling Mineral) Trinity Springs (Mineral Spring) Volvic (Spring) Perrier (Sparkling Mineral) To determine whether a particular brand of bottled water is clean and healthy to drink, tests are usually done to determine the level of the following types of contaminants: Bacteria Arsenic Total Trihalomethanes Bromodichloromethane Chloroform Dibromochloromenthane Phthalate Nitrate
Water Filter Comparison
There are many types and brands of water filters, but which one produces the healthiest drinking water and is most cost effective? Here are the three major types of water filters and the popular brands for each type. Pitcher Brita Grand Pitcher Culligan Pitcher Filter Mavea Elemaris XL PUR 7-cup Water Pitcher with Electronic Filter Change Light ZeroWater Pitcher Countertop / Faucet Aquasana AQ-4000 with Water for Life On Tap Brita On Tap Faucet Filtration System Cuisinart CleanWater 1.5 Gallon Countertop Filtration System PUR MineralClear Vertical Faucet Water Filter- Chrome 3M Filtrete Water Station Under-sink Aquasana AQ-4500 with Water for Life Everpure H-1200 3M Filtrete Advanced Under-sink Water Filtration System GE GXSL55R Kenmore Elite Advanced 2-Stage Drinking Water Filter Whirlpool WHED20 Under-sink Water Filtration System At first glance, pitcher water filters seem to be the cheapest to own as their price range is about $15 to $40. The price range for countertop/faucet water filters is about $30 to $125. Under-sink water filters seem to be the most expensive with price range from $100 to $700. However, if you are a heavy user of filtered water, a closer look at cost per gallon of water filtered, the under-sink water filter systems are the most economical with cost as low as 2 cents per gallon while pitcher water filters can incur costs as high as 56 cents per gallon. In addition to cost, the ability of the water filter to remove contaminants is also critical. When evaluate the purchase of a water filter, you want to examine its ability to remove the following contaminants: Disinfectants & by-products Lead Microscopic organisms Aesthetics Industrial solvents Herbicides and pesticides Organic chemical compounds Pharmaceuticals contaminants
Tap Water Quality
Tap water is the primary source of drinking water for most people. But how safe and clean is your tap water? In many areas, tap water is frequently contaminated with a small amount of the following pollutants: Agricultural Pollutants pesticides fertilizer Sprawl and Urban Pollutants road runoff lawn pesticides human waste Industrial Pollutants pipes and fixtures treatment chemicals and byproducts
Fresh Water Fishing
Fresh water resources like lakes and rivers not only provide water for drinking and farming for the people living nearby, they also provide entertainment and an important source of food, fresh water fishes to residents nearby. For thousands of years, people living near lakes and rivers have counted on fresh water fishes as an important source of protein in their daily meals. Today, fresh water fishing is more of an entertainment and sport, but the fishes you catch still taste great on the dinner plate. If you are new to fresh water fishing and wonder what are some of the fishes that you can catch in fresh water, here is a list of them. Bluegill Catfish Crappie Largemouth Bass Smallmouth Bass Striped Bass To do fresh water fishing, you will need to buy some basic equipments such as a fishing rod, reel, line, and a couple of lures, hooks, and baits. There are very inexpensive fishing rod-and-reel combos that are already spooled with fishing line, and they are great for beginners. Safety and health are important when you are out fishing in a lake or river, and you want to bring a first aid kit, lighter, and a flashlight. If you are fishing in the summer time, make sure you use sunscreen lotion. Also lip balm will help protect your lips from the sun. A pair of polarized fishing sunglasses will not only block the UV rays from the sun but also the sun's glare on the water, and they help you see a little better into the water to locate fish. Also take a camera with you to snap some pictures of the fish, your fishing buddies, and also the beautiful scenary around you. Many states require you to have a fishing license before you can do fresh water fishing. The cost of a license vary by state, and you can find out from your local fish and game department on the cost of a fishing license. The good news is that you can also purchase a license from a bait shop, a marina, some sporting good stores, or other retailers that participate in selling fishing licenses. There are certain times that fish will hit just about anything. But to increase your chance of success, using a live worm or soft plastic worm as bait can be very helpful. Another great way to catch fish, especially in overly fished areas, is to fish at night. Quite often, some of the bigger fishes don't bite as much during the day. So fishing at night time will increase your chance of catching a bigger fish.
Pollution from Boating
Crusing down the river or a lake in a luxury boat or yacht can be a very enjoyable and relaxing experience. However, to keep that experience pleasant, boat and yacht owners need to adopt environmentally friendly practices that reduce pollution from their vehicles so that their favorite lake or river stays clean and safe for boating and other water sports. With thousands of boats going down rivers and large lakes everyday, boating is one of the main sources of pollution of our local fresh water resources. Anything that goes into the water, even in small amounts, can potentially affect marine life below the surface. Types of Pollution The types of pollution caused by boats include hydrocarbons (oils and gasoline), heavy metals from paint, solvents used for cleaning and repair, sewage, organotins from anti-fouling hull treatment, and phosphates and surfactants from detergents. Fishes take in pollution as water passes across their gills when they are breathing. Bottom-dwelling plants and animals are impacted the most, as many substances sink to the bottom and accumulate in the tissues of filter-feeding organisms. When soaps and detergents are spilled on the surface of water, they disrupt the conditions necessary for the many kinds of tiny animals that live on the top few centifmeters of the water. Eagles, river otters, seals and orcas can be poisoned by eating fish or shellfish that are contaminated by pollution. Reducing the Impacts of Boating Make sure trash doesn't get blown overboard and dispose of all litters in receptacles on shore. Bilges tend to collect pollutants such as engine oil, fuel, antifreeze and transmission fluid. The best option for disposal of bilge water is pump-out services offered by some marinas. Rinse your boat more frequently with plain water. This will reduce the need to use cleaners and detergents. Fill tanks to no more than 90% capacity to prevent accidental fuel overflow and spills. Do not discharge sewage from your boat near ecological reserves, swimming beaches or shellfish harvesting areas. Use pump-out services when they are available. Having an expensive yacht or recreational boat is a luxury, but it is also a luxury to be able to ride your yacht down clean and pristine waters in your favorite lake or river. By being environmentally responsible as a yacht owner, you will help to keep the waters in your favorite lake and river clean, fresh, and pristine.
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